The Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is found only in Sumatra, Indonesia. It is one of six surviving subspecies of tiger, and is classified by IUCN as critically endangered. Sadly, in Sumatra there is a high incidence of human-tiger conflict, as well as an illegal trade in tiger. The number of Sumatran Tigers remaining in the wild is estimated at only 300 – 400, with these animals scattered across several areas of forest that have become fragmented due to logging and forest conversion. The SRI has developed its Action Plan for Sumatran Tiger Conservation with the aim of preserving this population.
The program represents an important effort to save the Sumatran Tiger through reducing illegal exploitation, protecting what remains of their forest habitat, and educating local communities as to how to reduce often lethal human-animal conflict. Actions carried out by the SRI to this end include monitoring and investigating suspected illegal activities, patrolling of known illegal logging and poaching sites, and promoting and building public awareness of these issues, especially in areas with a high incidence of human-tiger conflict. The end result of the project is to be the deployment of community-based tiger protection teams in and around the Batang Gadis National Park.